Irish Lesson 38

 

PRONUNCIATION EXERCISE

Read the phrases below out loud, referring to the pronunciation guide if necessary. When you can read the phrases readily, look at the translation and then go over the phrases again, visualizing the meaning as you say each.

dhábhéile; dhábhord

dháchiseán; tríchupán

ceithre dhinnéar; cúig dhoras

séfheirm; dháfhuinneog

ocht mbricfeasta; ocht mbád

seacht gcistin; naoi gclog

ocht nduais; deich ndoirteal

seacht bhfiacail; naoi bhfadhb

gaw* VAY*L-uh; gaw* vohrd

gaw* hyish-AW*N; tree k*u-PAW*N

KER-e YIN-yay*r; KOO-ig GUH-ruhs

shay* ER-im; gaw* in-YOHG

ohk*t mrik-FAS-tuh; ohk*t maw*d

shahk*t GISH-tin; nee gluhg

ohk*t NOO-ish; de NUHRT-uhl

shahk*t VEE-kil; nee veyeb

two meals; two tables

two baskets; three cups

four dinners; five doors

six farms; two windows

eight breakfasts; eight boats

seven kitchens; nine clocks

eight prizes; ten sinks

seven teeth; nine problems

Remember that "naoi", nine, is pronounced with a broad "n". This means that a faint (uh) sound occurs between the (n) and (ee). Lesson 28 described this. The word may sound a little like (nay*) but there is a clear difference.

 

GRAMMAR

In Lessons 29 and 33, you learned the past tense of "Come, go, see, hear". These are irregular in the past but regular in the present.

Tar! (tahr) Come!

Tagaim (TAHG-im), I come; tagann (TAHG-uhn too), you come, etc. Tagaimid (TAHG-uh-mid), we come.

Níthagaim (nee HAHG-im) I don't come; níthagann , etc.

An dtagaim? (un DAHG-im), do I come? an dtagann ? etc.

Téigh! (tay*) Go!

Téim (TAY*-im) I go; téann (TAY*-uhn too), you go, etc. Téimid (TAY*-mid), we go.

Níthéim (nee HAY*-im), I don't go. Níthéann (nee HAY*- uhn too), you don't go, etc. Níthéimid (nee HAY*-mid), we don't go.

An dtéim? (un DAY*-im), do I go? an dtéann ? etc.

Feic! (fek) See!

Feicim (FEK-im), I see; feiceann (FEK-uhn too), you see, etc. Feicimid (FEK-i-mid), we see.

Nífheicim (nee EK-im), I don't see; nífheiceann (nee EK- uhn too), you don't see, etc. Nífheicimid (nee EK-i-mid), we don't see.

An bhfeicim? (un VEK-im) do I see?; an bhfeiceann ? (un VEK- uhn too) do you see? etc.

Clois! (klish) Hear!

Cloisim (KLISH-im), I hear; cloiseann (KLISH-uhn too), you hear, etc. Cloisimid (KLISH-i-mid), we hear.

Níchloisim (nee K*LISH-im), I don't hear; níchloiseann , you don't hear, etc. Níchloisimid (nee K*LISH-i-mid), we don't hear.

An gcloisim? (un GLISH-im), do I hear? an gcloiseann ? etc.

An gcloisimid? (un GLISH-i-mid), do we hear?

Usage of "feic" and clois" resembles that of "see" and hear" in English. Say "Cloisimé" for "I hear him", not "Táméáchloisteáil", I am hearing him.

 

DRILL

Translate the following drills out loud:

I came home; does Art come home? He didn't come home; we come.

I went down the road; does Art go down the road? He didn't go down the road; we go down the road.

I saw the school; does Art see the school? He didn't see the school; we see the school.

I heard the train; does Art see the train? He didn't see the train; we hear the train.

Translation:

Tháinig méabhaile; an dtagann Art abhaile? Níor tháinig séabhaile; tagaimid abhaile.

Chuaigh mésíos an bóthar; an dtéann Art síos an bóthar? Nídheachaigh sésíos an bóthar; téimid síos an bóthar.

Chonaic méan scoil; an bhfeiceann Art an scoil? Nífhaca séan scoil; feicimid an scoil.

Chuala méan traein; an gcloiseann Art an traein? Níor chuala séan traein; cloisimid an traein.

 

READING EXERCISE

D'éirigh (DEYE-ree may*) go moch maidin inné. Chuaigh méamach suas an bóthar. De ghnách (de GNAW*K*) téim chuig (hig) siopa nuachtáin, agus ansin tagaim abhaile timpeall a hocht a chlog. An uair (OO-ir) sin,áfach, nídheachaigh méach cúpla céim (kay*m). Chuala mémadra ag tafann (TAHF-uhn), agus ansin chonaic mécat i gcrann in aice an chúinne (K*OON-ye). Thuas sa gcrann, bhi an cat ina shui, ag féachaint go ciúin ar an madra. Níor tháinig an cat anuas (uh-NOO-uhs) roimh (rev) am (oum) suipéir.

I got up early yesterday morning I went up the road. Usually I go to a paper store, and then I come home around eight o'clock. That time, however, I didn't go but a couple of steps. I heard a dog barking, and I saw a cat in a tree near the corner. Up in the tree, the cat was sitting, quietly looking at the dog. The cat didn't come down before suppertime.

Note:With a few verbs, like suigh (si), sit, the form is "Táséina shuí", he is in his sitting, rather than "táséag suí". "I was sitting" is Bhíméi mo shuí(i muh HEE). Similar verbs are "luigh" (li), lie; ina luí, in his lying; seas (shas), stand, ina sheasamh (HAS-uhv), in his standing.